shell客户端连接不上(安卓shell终端工具使用)

Linux Shell Web超级终端工具shellinabox

Shell是Linux内核应用程序,是指“为使用者提供操作界面”的软件,也是命令解析器,它类似于Windows操作系统DOS下的cmd.exe应用程序。它接收用户命令,然后调用相应的应用程序,用户一般管理Linux服务器都是习惯用putty、Xshell、SecureCRT、secure shell等客户端端工具,但是使用这些客户端都是需要在本地安装后才能使用,如果换其它电脑也是需要重新安装,这样非常使用起来非常麻烦,所以,我们今天就来介绍一块非常方便的shell客户端工具,使用系统自带的浏览器来管理Linux服务终端,是一款能随时在任何终端上面管理,这一款运行在linux下面的工具 shellinabox,只需要在Linux服务器上面安装并配置好shellinabox。

shellinabox是由Markus Gutschke创建的基于Web的终端模拟器。它具有内置的Shell Web服务端,在指定端口上作为基于Web的SSH客户端运行,并提示您使用任何支持AJAX/JavaScript和CSS的浏览器远程访问和控制Linux Server SSH Shell,而无需任何其他浏览器插件,使用非常方便,不过安装和配置是需要有点点Linux基础,如果觉得自己完全不懂Linux,可以建议去购买《Linux就该这么学》这本教程,非常适合初学者入门,或者去此教程的官网查看详细的资料,直接在百度输入此书名就可以直接进入官网。

shellinbox是一款在Linux服务器下有一个内建的web server作为基本的web ssh client,允许你通过指定的端口访问linux服务器的ssh shell,只要你的浏览器支持AJAX/JS/CSS就可以访问,不过现在主流的操作系统自带的浏览器都支持,shellinabox是一款开源的轻量级软件,在安装shellinabox之前要确定Linux服务端是否安装了openssl库;debian和ubuntu官方还提供有deb安装包,而centos也有rpm包,也可以通过yum源安装,安装及配置也比较简单,下面我们来详细的安装和配置shellinabox。

一、在RHEL、 CentOS系统上面安装及配置步骤如下

# yum install openssl shellinabox

Loaded plugins: fastestmirror

Determining fastest mirrors

epel/x86_64/metalink | 9.2 kB 00:00:00

* base: mirrors.aliyun.com

* epel: mirrors.aliyun.com

* extras: mirrors.aliyun.com

* updates: mirrors.aliyun.com

base | 3.6 kB 00:00:00

epel | 3.2 kB 00:00:00

extras | 3.4 kB 00:00:00

updates | 3.4 kB 00:00:00

(1/6): extras/7/x86_64/primary_db | 156 kB 00:00:00

(2/6): base/7/x86_64/group_gz | 166 kB 00:00:01

(3/6): epel/x86_64/updateinfo | 940 kB 00:00:08

(4/6): updates/7/x86_64/primary_db | 1.3 MB 00:00:10

(5/6): epel/x86_64/primary | 3.6 MB 00:00:21

(6/6): base/7/x86_64/primary_db | 6.0 MB 00:00:26

epel 12745/12745

Resolving Dependencies

–> Running transaction check

—> Package openssl.x86_64 1:1.0.2k-12.el7 will be updated

—> Package openssl.x86_64 1:1.0.2k-16.el7 will be an update

–> Processing Dependency: openssl-libs(x86-64) = 1:1.0.2k-16.el7 for package: 1:openssl-1.0.2k-16.el7.x86_64

—> Package shellinabox.x86_64 0:2.20-5.el7 will be installed

–> Running transaction check

—> Package openssl-libs.x86_64 1:1.0.2k-12.el7 will be updated

–> Processing Dependency: openssl-libs(x86-64) = 1:1.0.2k-12.el7 for package: 1:openssl-devel-1.0.2k-12.el7.x86_64

—> Package openssl-libs.x86_64 1:1.0.2k-16.el7 will be an update

–> Running transaction check

—> Package openssl-devel.x86_64 1:1.0.2k-12.el7 will be updated

—> Package openssl-devel.x86_64 1:1.0.2k-16.el7 will be an update

–> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

======================================================================================

Package Arch Version Repository Size

======================================================================================

Installing:

shellinabox x86_64 2.20-5.el7 epel 136 k

Updating:

openssl x86_64 1:1.0.2k-16.el7 base 493 k

Updating for dependencies:

openssl-devel x86_64 1:1.0.2k-16.el7 base 1.5 M

openssl-libs x86_64 1:1.0.2k-16.el7 base 1.2 M

Transaction Summary

======================================================================================

Install 1 Package

Upgrade 1 Package (+2 Dependent packages)

Total download size: 3.3 M

Is this ok [y/d/N]:y

Downloading packages:

No Presto metadata available for base

(1/4): openssl-1.0.2k-16.el7.x86_64.rpm | 493 kB 00:00:01

(2/4): shellinabox-2.20-5.el7.x86_64.rpm | 136 kB 00:00:01

(3/4): openssl-devel-1.0.2k-16.el7.x86_64.rpm | 1.5 MB 00:00:05

(4/4): openssl-libs-1.0.2k-16.el7.x86_64.rpm | 1.2 MB 00:00:05

———————————————————————————————————————–

Total 469 kB/s | 3.3 MB 00:00:07

Running transaction check

Running transaction test

Transaction test succeeded

Running transaction

Updating : 1:openssl-libs-1.0.2k-16.el7.x86_64 1/7

Updating : 1:openssl-1.0.2k-16.el7.x86_64 2/7

Installing : shellinabox-2.20-5.el7.x86_64 3/7

Updating : 1:openssl-devel-1.0.2k-16.el7.x86_64 4/7

Cleanup : 1:openssl-devel-1.0.2k-12.el7.x86_64 5/7

Cleanup : 1:openssl-1.0.2k-12.el7.x86_64 6/7

Cleanup : 1:openssl-libs-1.0.2k-12.el7.x86_64 7/7

Verifying : 1:openssl-libs-1.0.2k-16.el7.x86_64 1/7

Verifying : 1:openssl-devel-1.0.2k-16.el7.x86_64 2/7

Verifying : shellinabox-2.20-5.el7.x86_64 3/7

Verifying : 1:openssl-1.0.2k-16.el7.x86_64 4/7

Verifying : 1:openssl-devel-1.0.2k-12.el7.x86_64 5/7

Verifying : 1:openssl-1.0.2k-12.el7.x86_64 6/7

Verifying : 1:openssl-libs-1.0.2k-12.el7.x86_64 7/7

Installed:

shellinabox.x86_64 0:2.20-5.el7

Updated:

openssl.x86_64 1:1.0.2k-16.el7

Dependency Updated:

openssl-devel.x86_64 1:1.0.2k-16.el7 openssl-libs.x86_64 1:1.0.2k-16.el7

Complete!

二、配置shellinaboxd

192.168.3.160是SSH服务器IP地址,

# vim /etc/sysconfig/shellinaboxd

# TCP port that shellinboxd’s webserver listens on

PORT=6175

# specify the IP address of a destination SSH server

OPTS=”-s /:SSH:192.168.3.160″ #(https协议)

#OPTS=”-t -s /:SSH:192.168.3.160″ #(http协议)

# if you want to restrict access to shellinaboxd from localhost only

#下面配置是仅主机访问,其它主机不能访问

#OPTS=”-s /:SSH:192.168.3.160 –localhost-only”

shellinaboxd默认端口是:4200,我这里修改为6175。

Shellinaboxd常用参数使用的帮助手册

# shellinaboxd –help

List of command line options:

-b, –background[=PIDFILE] run in background

-c, –cert=CERTDIR set certificate dir (default: $PWD)

–cert-fd=FD set certificate file from fd

–css=FILE attach contents to CSS style sheet

–cgi[=PORTMIN-PORTMAX] run as CGI

-d, –debug enable debug mode

-f, –static-file=URL:FILE serve static file from URL path

-g, –group=GID switch to this group (default: nobody)

-h, –help print this message

–linkify=[none|normal|aggressive] default is “normal”

–localhost-only only listen on 127.0.0.1

–no-beep suppress all audio output

-n, –numeric do not resolve hostnames

-m, –messages-origin=ORIGIN allow iframe message passing from origin

–pidfile=PIDFILE publish pid of daemon process

-p, –port=PORT select a port (default: 4200)

-s, –service=SERVICE define one or more services

-t, –disable-ssl disable transparent SSL support

–disable-ssl-menu disallow changing transport mode

–disable-utmp-logging disable logging to utmp and wtmp

-q, –quiet turn off all messages

–unixdomain-only=PATH:USER:GROUP:CHMOD listen on unix socket

-u, –user=UID switch to this user (default: nobody)

–user-css=STYLES defines user-selectable CSS options

-v, –verbose enable logging messages

–version prints version information

–disable-peer-check disable peer check on a session

三、启动、停止、自启动服务

Centos 6

# service shellinaboxd start //启动服务

# service shellinaboxd stop //停止服务

# service shellinaboxd restart //重启服务

# chkconfig shellinaboxd on //自启服务

Centos 7

# systemctl start shellinaboxd.service

# systemctl stop shellinaboxd.service

# systemctl restart shellinaboxd.service

# systemctl enable shellinaboxd.service

强制关闭 Shellinaboxd

查找到 Shellinaboxd 的进程 pid ,kill 即可

# ps -aux|grep shellinaboxd | grep -v grep | awk ‘{print $1}’

也可在启动时加上 -p 参数,将进程 pid 保存到指定的文件中,需要关闭时读取它并进行 kill

四、查看服务状态

# netstat -nap | grep shellinabox

tcp 0 0 0.0.0.0:6175 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 118916/shellinaboxd

默认60s不登录自动断开

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退出web Shell终端:

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